Burn Your Burqas! Should the Burqa Be Banned?

October 13, 2009

Should the Burqa be Banned? The Case of France, Italy, Canada, Egypt and Obama.

PART ONE: France and Italy.

Should the burqa be banned? What on earth is a burqa? What is the difference between a burqa and a niqab? A burqa is the head to toe, loose tent-like covering or outer garment, with a mesh grill in front of the eyes that some Muslim women are obliged to wear in public over their normal clothes, thus covering their entire bodies. The term niqab is often used synonymously with burqa, but perhaps more strictly it should only be used for a face veil, with a slit for the eyes, as opposed to a mesh-like grill in the burqa.

In June 2009, President Sarkozy of France stirred up a debate when, addressing a joint session of France's two houses of parliament, he declared that "We cannot accept to have in our country women who are prisoners behind netting, cut off from all social life, deprived of identity. That is not the idea that the French republic has of women's dignity.The burqa is not a sign of religion, it is a sign of subservience. It will not be welcome on the territory of the French republic".

Sarkozy's views are entirely consistent with France's tradition of secularism or "laicite". It is one of the few countries in Europe which has a strict separation of church and state in its constitution, a separation which is staunchly defended by everyone from school teachers to government ministers. When a priest or a nun teaches in a state school, for example, he and she are obliged to do so in "civilian" clothes. France banned Muslim girls from wearing any headscarves in schools in 2004, again this was consistent with their already existing legislation banning any outward manifestations of religious affiliation- Christian crosses, Jewish kippahs, and so on.

The recent comments by Sarkozy were made in the context of a demand by a group of sixty five cross-party Members of Parliament [MPs] for a parliamentary commission to be set up to investigate the spread of the burqa in France, fearing that it was sign of a radicalisation of Islam, and that it may undermine French secularism. This call for a commission has the backing of Dalil Boubakeur, rector of the Paris Mosque and a former head of the Muslim Council. Boubakeur also fears that many women are forced to wear this garment, something which "amounts to a breach of individual freedom on our national territory", as the Communist MP, Gerin, put it. Further support for the idea of banning the burqa comes from Muslim Women's Rights groups. Fadela Amara, a rights campaigner of Algerian background, who is also the Housing Minister, expressed her concern at the number of women, "who are being put in this kind of tomb.We must do everything to stop burqas from spreading."

Earlier this month, Italy announced that it too was considering legislation to ban the wearing of the burqa. MPs from the Northern League Party, which is a part of the ruling right wing coalition, have presented the proposal in a bill. While France has five million Muslims, out of which perhaps 100 000 women wear the burqa, Italy has just over one million Muslims but it is rare to see women wearing the full burqa. However there have been a number of incidents in northern cities where women wearing the veil have been asked to remove it. One such incident involved Daniela Santanche, a Centre Right politician, when she urged Muslim women to remove their burqas at an end of Ramadan festival.

The Northern League has the full support of Berlusconi's People of Freedom party.The League's proposal aims at amending a 1975 law, which was introduced at a time when there was serious concern over domestic terrorism of groups such as the Marxist-Leninist Red Brigades who believed in the armed struggle to bring about a revolutionary state. The 1975 Law bans anyone wearing anything which makes their identification impossible.The League's Roberto Cota claimed: 'We are not racist and we have nothing against Muslims but the law must be equal for everyone.The aim of this bill is to clarify the 1975 law in a definitive way and allow the ban to be extended to garments worn for reasons of religious affiliation.' MP Barbara Saltamartini, of the People of Freedom, said:' "Banning the burqa can not be considered anti-Muslim because wearing it is not obligatory in Islam. The Imam of Al-Azhar University in Cairo, the highest authority in Sunni Islam, has just stated unequivocally that Muslim women have the right to their own identity and that the burqa is not part of Muslim tradition.This position is of extreme importance not only because it dismantles false myths perpetrated by a patriarchal fundamentalism, but also because it shows how the dignity of a women is compatible with the symbols and values of Islam. It would be absurd now if countries like Egypt ban this instrument of submission and we continue to avoid dealing with the question."

NEXT WEEK: Part Two: The Case of Egypt, Canada, and Obama.

Comments:

#1 gray1 on Tuesday October 13, 2009 at 4:24pm

I suspect the unspoken agenda is actually to sell more cosmetics.

#2 lacey (Guest) on Tuesday October 13, 2009 at 6:52pm

burqas are no cool you should burn it

#3 mikayla (Guest) on Tuesday October 13, 2009 at 6:58pm

hi the burqas are not nice thanks

#4 cbg2 (Guest) on Wednesday October 14, 2009 at 6:03am

Freedom of religion should be limited to:
- freedom of assembly
- freedom of speech
- freedom of thought

not

freedom of action

Oppressing women, carrying swords, and other religious inspired actions should not be immune to the law.

#5 Will Mount (Guest) on Wednesday October 14, 2009 at 9:13am

No. 

How can someone say that they are all for “women being able to control their bodies” and they say that they favour banning the burqas?  It seems that suddenly, these people know more about what a woman wants than the women themselves. 

One might counter that they’ve been “brainwashed”.  But that still puts the person in a position where they seem to know more about what the woman wants, than the woman themselves.

Using such laws may even backfire and give these communities the sense that they are being oppressed.  If they are allowed to integrate into society fully, and given economic opportunities, then they will change voluntarily. 

Further, I don’t like giving the government such power.  They should stary very, very far from such personal choice issues. 

That being said, oppression and mistreatment of women is a real problem.  Immigrant women and Islamic women face such problems as well.  A better approach would be to fund various programs to help women.  Women’s shelters aimed at specific communities, education, all that stuff.

#6 Reba Boyd Wooden on Wednesday October 14, 2009 at 1:43pm

No, I don’t think we should get into telling people what they can and cannot wear including religious symbols.  This is part of freedom of expression.  Of course, I don’t think that people should be forced to wear any certain clothing either.  I think it is terrible to see women have to cover themselves totally like a burqas but that is a problem within their religion and not for the government to make rules on unless they are in a profession where it is a health/safety hazard or they cannot do their job because of it.

#7 liberalartist on Thursday October 15, 2009 at 10:42am

Get rid of the Burqa. It is not a “choice” for many women, and who is going to decide which ones are wearing it because they want to, and which ones are forced to by family or by the community in which they live? The Burqa is clearly a symbol of oppression and takes away one’s humanity. You become a non-existant person when you are wrapped up head-to-toe in black.

#8 William Mount (Guest) on Thursday October 15, 2009 at 10:46am

“and who is
going to decide which ones are wearing it because they want to, and which
ones are forced to by family or by the community in which they live?”

I think that’s a good argument against a ban.  There’s no real way for the government to distinguish between the two.

#9 liberalartist on Thursday October 15, 2009 at 10:51am

No, its a good reason to get rid of it. There is no value to wearing a burqa (it can actually harm them because they lack sunlight). Banning it completely will protect those who have no say in whether they want to wear it or not. This is not about a fashion statement, its not about wearing a piece of jewlery or a scarf over your hair. Its a form of ABUSE.

#10 gray1 on Thursday October 15, 2009 at 11:28am

Besides, Big Brother is always watching and wants to see your face.  They’d say the same thing if it were Nixon masks being worn.

#11 Reba Wooden (Guest) on Friday October 16, 2009 at 5:49am

Problem is once the government starts telling people what they can and can’t wear, where does it stop?  Who makes the decisions?  Better to focus on education and encouraging people to think critically so they don’t follow blindly the dictates of a religion or any other dogma.  Help women obtain more education and independence so they can make their own decision on what they want to wear and what they don’t want to wear.

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