Latest “Shroud” Pseudohistory
April 14, 2009
Shrewdly published in advance of Easter, the latest example of Shroud of Turin pseudohistory has come in the form of an article by the Vatican’s Medieval Specialist, Dr. Barbara Frale. She reported in the Vatican newspaper, L’Osservatore Romano, that she had discovered a document she claims explains the “missing” years of the Shroud—the supposed burial cloth of Jesus—and supposedly vindicates a theory of shroud promoter Ian Wilson. (See The Times , London, April 6, 2009.)
According to Frale, the document records the testimony of a young Frenchman who, having entered the order of Knights Templar in 1287, confessed he was taken to “a secret place.” There he was shown “a long linen cloth on which was impressed the figure of a man” and instructed to kiss its feet three times. (The Knights Templar was rife with secret ceremonies, and it spawned rumors of scandalous excesses. Central to many conspiracy theories and pseudohistories, it was featured in The Da Vinci Code .)
Frale strains to identify the figured cloth with the Shroud of Turin and attempts to link that to a possible shroud at Constantinople in 1204. (Some forty “true” shrouds appeared in Europe alone. However, the gospel of John states that Jesus’ corpse was wrapped with multiple cloths, including a separate “napkin” over the face.)
Alas, the Turin cloth made its first historical appearance at Lirey, France, in the middle of the fourteenth century as part of a faith-healing scam. At that time (according to a later Bishop’s report to Pope Clement VII), the shroud was proven a fake, “the truth being attested by the artist who had painted it.” The image and “blood” stains are inconsistent with a cloth having wrapped a real body, and they instead resemble French gothic art. The suspiciously still-red “blood” failed forensic tests, and the entire image was proven to have been rendered in red ocher and vermilion tempera paint. Radiocarbon tests conducted by three laboratories in 1988 gave an age span of circa 1260–1390 c.e., consistent with the time of the forger’s confession. (See my Inquest on the Shroud of Turin , Prometheus Books, 1998, and Relics of the Christ , Univ. Press of Ky., 2007.)
Pseudoscience and pseudohistory continue to be the methods used by the cloth’s zealous supporters. They call it the Holy Shroud, although it is anything but.
#1 fausinator on Saturday April 18, 2009 at 4:57pm
The most obvious indicator that the shroud is a fake is that it would have had to have been stretched out flat above and below the body to make the image from a ‘radiating’ Jesus. If it were actually wrapped around the body like a burial shroud, the image would be very distorted.
#2 George Vakkan (Guest) on Thursday April 30, 2009 at 1:13am
I have published the site photoofJesus.com to let people know about the Shroud of Turin. At the end I give my arguments in favour of the Shroud being the genuine burial cloth of Jesus. As for the theory of Leonardo Da Vinci making the shroud, because his paintings are similar to the Shroud; I argue that DaVinci must have seen the Shroud image and, being impressed by the noble image on the Shroud, he made his paintings using the Shroud image as a model.
#3 George Vakkan (Guest) on Friday May 01, 2009 at 2:54am