My First Big Disappointment with Obama
February 8, 2009
Obama has impressed many of us in the “reality based community” who have been repeatedly disheartened by some of his predecessor’s policies: by executive order, he has swiftly moved to reverse Bush’s policies on the detention and torture of terror suspects and the eventual closing of Gitmo, the government funding of abortion and family planning counseling, some of Bush’s anti-union labor policies, and environmental issues such as fuel efficiency standards. And he has recently said he will sign an executive order to reverse Bush’s policies limiting stem-cell research. All of these are reasons that many pro-science secular types celebrate the change Obama has promised.
But there is one area of change I can’t believe in : Obama has not only brought change to Bush’s Faith Based Initiative, but has actually expanded the program! And he did so without even attempting to change it in the right ways so as to officially prohibit proselytizing and religious discrimination! Real change would be to abolish such a dangerous blending of church and state.
One of the reasons some seculars may feel conflicted about Obama’s expanded faith based initiative is that one of its stated goals is to mobilize faith and community groups to more effectively combat poverty, which is obviously a worthwhile goal in itself, one generally ignored by Bush. So Obama doesn’t object to government funds going to religions, he just objects to it not being very effective under Bush! But even with his focus on poverty, the program constitutes an increase of taxpayer dollars going to private religious organizations, which will likely both be able to proselytize to the publics they are servicing, and also to hire and fire based on religious criteria, ignoring current state and federal civil rights and employment law.
The other ridiculous objectives of Obama’s expanded faith-based initiative include reducing the number of and need for abortions, increasing the role of fathers in their childrens’ lives, and working with the National Security Council to encourage “interfaith dialogue” around the globe.
So, why is all of this just flat-out wrong? Is it just a closed-minded, knee-jerk secular purist position not to support Obama’s increase in funding of religious organizations, even when he may have what he feels are noble, common sense goals?
I will admit a strong personal desire to see the role of religion generally diminished in our society, but I respect that merely good argument from cognitive minorities (cognitive elites?) won’t ever change everyone’s mind. So yes, the religious will always be with us. I just don’t think the government should be strengthening their position in society with taxpayer monies. It is a really bad idea, and here are some reasons why:
1. There is no real oversight of the religious groups who will receive the funding under Obama’s expanded program.
According to Joshua DuBois, who is the 26 year old head of Obama’s faith based initiative (and a Pentecostal preacher!), hiring and firing, as well as charges of proselytizing with government funds, will be looked into only on a “case by case basis.” In other words, there is no official policy prohibiting either.
Will there be any recourse if someone’s rights are not respected? What if an otherwise qualified socially conscious gay atheist (or Buddhist or Jew) is not given a job or is fired from a job helping the poor with one of these religious organizations simply because that organization objects to her homosexuality and atheism (or Buddhism or Jewish faith)?
Obama actually left in place Bush’s executive orders specifically allowing discrimination based on the religious views espoused by the organization receiving federal funds, our tax dollars! Maybe sensing that even so, Obama is likelier to be more conscientious of church state separation issues, some religious groups have already started grumbling about the mere prospect of being expected to abide by civil rights protections in hiring policies.
2. There is a real risk that widely respected safeguards protecting the separation of church and state will actually be overturned.
ccording to Dubois : what they “find as they explore these issues” of church state separation, may in fact result in “a change in law and policy.”
3. There aren’t clear criteria drawing distinctions between mainline and fringe faith groups.
Who decides what religious groups get government funds? Will there be an “extremist or fringe group” category that under no circumstances would ever receive tax payer support? Who decides what religious social welfare programs are really working, and by what evidence-based criteria?
There are many organizations that I would consider to be dangerous that nonetheless engage in social welfare programs, even if their founding ideals or agendas are contra the values of our secular democracy.
Examples in my mind include the destructive cult of Scientology, which among other reprehensible things is thought to peddle addiction recovery quackery called Narconon ; the Mormon church, which provides a network of family counseling services which (among other things) seek to covert recovering homosexuals ( here and here , among many examples); and even U.S. affiliates of Hamas, which operates great social welfare programs for devout (anti-Western?) Muslims.
And there are also scores of religious denominations and leaders and new age belief systems that teach that poverty itself is a result of sin or of one’s own thinking or mental perspective. These include TV personalities such as prosperity gospeler Robert Tilton, who teaches how to get out of poverty through the use of the Holy Spirit, and Rod Parsely , and Benny Hinn , all of whom reportedly operate social welfare charities, and also vile New Age gobbledygook such as Rhonda Byrne’s The Secret , which seems to actually blame homelessness on the homeless, for unconsciously willing it into existence.)
Will Scientology or Mormonism or Robert Tilton get federal funding under Obama’s expanded faith based program? Joshua Dubois has suggested that funding of such fringe groups will be allowed !
4. Reducing the number of abortions is a completely unworthy goal.
Speaking for myself, I think that abortion should be more widespread, not less widespread.
For the minority of us who would argue that abortion is completely licit—and that it may in fact solve some social ills—MORE births into poverty as a result of Obama’s program is a completely unworthy goal, and more abortions may benefit society. As has been argued by thinkers across the political spectrum, including the economists John Donohue at Yale and Steven Levitt at University of Chicago, one result of legal abortions has been a reduction of crime.
And even if you don’t buy that argument (as the conservative commentator Bill Bennett did, and was lambasted for), I’d argue that abortion is not a morally wrong act that should be reduced by the work of government funded religious groups. Fetuses are not persons, even if they are human life. Generally, it is not wrong to kill them, excepting the desire of he mother to carry the fetus to term, of course. (Controversial secular ethicist Peter Singer argued this point on a recent episode of Point of Inquiry .)
Moreover, if a goal of Obama’s expanded faith based funding is to reduce the need for abortion, would government funds go to the Church of Mormon who operates the aforementioned counseling services, a stated goal of which is also to reduce the need for abortion? How can this not be completely objectionable to a someone who values church state separation, whether or not she is religious herself? I certainly don’t want government monies (the taxes I dutifully pay) going to the Catholic Church or the Mormon Church under the guise of “reducing the need for abortion.”
5. Government funded support of religion to encourage “interfaith dialogue” is not the way to reduce religious tensions around the world.
The way to reduce religious tensions between different faith groups is not to put the full force of the U.S. government behind some faith groups and not behind others. Government funded interfaith dialogue is not the solution, especially since such dialogue is often anti-secularism. Instead, the United States should be fostering an appreciation for secularism around the world, especially the secularization of Islamic societies, which present the most serious threats to the West.
6. In a society that promotes religious liberty, tax payers should not be forced to contribute to religions they don’t support personally.
Leaving aside the abortion issue, the libertarian in me argues that a Catholic should not be forced by the U.S. government to contribute to a synagogue, a secularist shouldn’t be forced to contribute to the Church of Scientology’s fake addition recovery program. By adhering to a strict separation of church and state, our government ensures the most freedom for the most people and that no one is ever forced to support a religion he does not’t believe in. In this sense, the issue is one of religious freedom, not just of hard-line secularism. Wouldn’t there be conservative religionists who would object to their tax-payer dollars being spent on groups that advance a social gospel that is rather liberal? If you believe in the literal interpretation of the Bible, don’t you have a right to avoid contributing to a charity that does pro-gay community outreach? If you are pro-abortion (or pro-abortion rights), shouldn’t you be allowed to refrain from contributing financially to a Catholic or Mormon organization that is explicitly “pro-life” and which would use your funds to advance that agenda?
7. One of Obama’s goals, to “increase the role of fathers,” is based on pseudoscience and is tied to the destructive “pro-marriage” agenda.
The argument that “because so many single mothers live with their children in poverty, it must be due to the fact that the man is absent” confuses causation with correlation. In fact, the opposite may be true: poverty often leads to non-marriage and absent fathers, and a father staying in the picture doesn’t necessarily reduce poverty. Obama’s underlying assumption is that if we get absent fathers involved in the lives of their children, the quality of life for everyone in the picture will be increased. But this is not born out by the facts: some research suggests that among poverty-stricken urban families, children who have absent fathers actually do better academically than do those who have both parents involved in their lives.
The money used to engage in Obama’s social engineering that privileges a possibly outmoded view of the family could be better used to fight poverty through sound policies increasing resources for education, or by funding secular social welfare programs like in the secular mixed economies of Europe, where it should be said, they don’t feel a need to discourage single motherhood (more women in France, for instance, have children out of wedlock than do within the confines of marriage).
Moreover, the argument that a child needs a man and a woman as father- and mother- figures, and that single motherhood is harmful to children, supports an anti-woman, anti-gay conservative social agenda.
As it now stands, Obama’s expanded faith based initiative offers only more likelihood of division and church-state entanglements, civil rights violations and government funding of evangelism. It is a threat to a woman’s right to choose, and supports the anti-gay and anti-woman conservative “pro-marriage” agenda. And it is naive about the impact of interfaith dialogue abroad.
I think it behooves all secularists, whether they are personally religious or not, to oppose Obama in this regard, and not to be guilted into supporting bad policy because we think Obama is a good guy, or at least better than the last guy. I am not willing to give Obama a pass on this issue just because I generally agree with more of his agenda than I did his predecessor’s. In just a few short weeks, the President who initially inspired me and filled me, as a secularist, with tears of hope for the future, has given me my first big disappointment.
#1 casey on Monday February 09, 2009 at 2:19am
I wonder why MoveOn.org or any of the other “progressive” organizations haven’t jumped on this. Perhaps because it would harsh their new-found mellow? I unreservedly voted for Obama, but I think the uncritical, not-so-faintly religious fervor surrounding him is (and always was) a bit too much.
Incidentally, the notion of “putting the past behind us” by not overturning some of the unbalancing, power-grabbing measures of the previous administration is also a major disappointment. He is overturning other policy decisions, why not those which undermine the balance of power between the executive and legislative branches?
An excellent and informative article, D.J.; thanks for posting it.
#2 Scott Campbell (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 5:53am
Great post, D.G.
As Canadians, we have long lived with a blurred line between church and state (e.g., a state funded Roman Catholic school system in Ontario). Our saving grace has been that we are a much more secular nation overall compared to the U.S.
#3 Scott Campbell (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 5:54am
Oops, sorry for misspelling your name, D.J.
#4 dave (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 8:54am
Yes, disappointing indeed.
And I voted for him.
Sort of diplomatic but ethically flawed. Or as Dawkins says “politically expedient”, lol.
#5 Miguel Picanco (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 12:21pm
I sort of give Obama a pass because he seems aware that he’s expending his political capital in order to do what he thinks is best for the country. At the same time, I do openly chastise him for being just plain wrong about crediting so much of the success of his social poverty work on religion instead of community efforts.
Perhaps the problem is actually us? If there were more secular community efforts proving that religious alternatives are not as effective, discriminating, or even damaging, then Obama would have no choice but to dismiss religion as the best tool for community support.
#6 N L Baker (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 12:29pm
I got rather tired of hearing that Obama was the Second Coming. As a moderate and a libertarian, I don’t tend to expect too much change from either party, but I’m a bit amused at how his supporters are scrambling to spin this.
#7 Michael S. Alman (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 1:22pm
As usual, D.J, your opinions are well researched and insightful. I agree whole-heartedly with your summation: Obama has indeed dropped the ball on this very sensitive issue. As I expressed in a recent Twitter post: it’s an obvious fact that the United States, in the past, has had atheists, albeit closeted, occupying the White House. What’s distressful is that now, when this country desperately needs and voted for change, that the current occupant is not one of those. Keep up the good work!
#8 Colin Koproske (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 1:29pm
Great post, D.J. The point about ‘religious liberty’ is especially interesting; some scholars, like Emily Gill, have pointed out that US policies designed to cater to religious associations (such as the Faith-Based initiatives or exemptions for entire denominations) actually infringe individual religious liberty. Deferring to and/or giving federal assistance to religious organizations only stifles the individual’s ability to dissent and be protected under the law. As it stands, religious orgs can hire or fire for purely religious reasons, even in public, secular jobs!
#9 Norm Allen (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 2:26pm
This is a great post, D.J. Obama has SAID that he is opposed to discriminatory hiring practices. Yet, he has done nothing to combat this situation. I wonder how his secularist mother would have responded to his position.
#10 Eric Oosenbrug (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 5:22pm
Great post DJ, I was wondering how far Obama’s recognition and sympathy for the avowed secular went. Thanks for bringing this to my attention, I will be watching this closely. And I would like to correct Mr. Campbell’s comment that “[Canada] is a much more secular nation” than the US. This is a common mistaken assumption. Canadians polled consistently acknowledge the fact of evolution at approx. the same proportion as Americans (if this can be used as a measure).
#11 Scott Campbell (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 6:18pm
In regards to my comments that Canada is much more secular than the US, I would stand by this statement.
In terms of actual levels of belief, if we use evolution as a barometer, an Angus Reid poll in July of 2007 reported that 59% of Canadians believe in evolution while only 22% indicated that they believed that God created humans in their present form within the last 10,000 years (see
#12 Rachel (Guest) on Monday February 09, 2009 at 6:30pm
Thank you for this post, D.J. I think it’s ridiculous that Obama continues this faith-based government spending. It not only violates the separation of religion and state but it’s also largely a waste of money. That’s because many of the faith-based programs use ideology rather than evidence to guide their programs, as in the case of marriage as an anti-poverty tool. It is well document that it doesn’t work. Neither does abstinence as birth-control. Neither is trying to convert gays to straights (how could it…). And on and on it goes.
Instead of waiting for organizations like move.org to wake up to reality, we can start emailing Obama here. Although I think he’ll ignore us…
#13 Lloyd Hargrove (Guest) on Wednesday February 11, 2009 at 9:23pm
I have watched the “Faith Based Initiative” program for some time now with regards to their newsletters giving details on how much monies are available at any given time (“grants”). While they are pretty specific as to the purpose the money is to be used for from a given program, they are not so specific as the potential receivers.
These funds are in practice made available to faith based as well as non-faith based community service organizations. Perhaps this is something that CFI needs to look into?
#14 Corey M. (Guest) on Tuesday March 03, 2009 at 10:12am
I agree with your post Lloyd. I am not surprised that Obama has decided to expand the “Faith Based Initiative” program in light of his strong association with his Chicago Church. Since I am a secular citizen myself I do not care for this spending. The only benefit this could possibly have is to help curtail poverty, but I don’t think this will happen.
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#15 day100309 (Guest) on Tuesday March 10, 2009 at 12:26pm
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