Student, I don’t think punishment is something someone “deserves”. Punishment is pointless unless it has some practical effect, usually as a deterrent. If I were a sociopath would someone else receiving punishment for my actions do anything but encourage my transgressions? And, the myth of a God that somehow out of love takes on mortals punishment for their sake is absurd. If you’re and omniscient, omnipotent being, how can you possible be punished? If you choose to allow others to cause you pain isn’t that just some kind of masochism?
The idea that a victim is somehow owed punishment seems faulty to me, too, perhaps because I think the idea of “fairness” is impractical. When someone is injured by “an act of God”, we carefully make it clear that there is no recourse, (even though omnipotence implies the impossibility of accident). That doesn’t mean we don’t build sea walls and warning systems for tsunamis, or don’t require buildings to be reinforced for earthquakes, though. And, at it’s best that is what “punishment” is, a means of preventing additional injury.
I think it can be argued that the Christian idea that, “Christ died for our sins”, is really about inculcating a false sense of guilt into into gullible individuals. A way of eroding people’s self respect and creating a more submissive population by creating a sense of guilt for purely imaginary sins and requiring submission and atonement to God, ( who is embodied in the form of a religious institution), as a way to expiate those sins.