But then they never killed more than necessary and used every single part of the animals, nothing was wasted and one can truly claim that they lived within the natural (a)morality of our biosphere.
Of course, one can also go back that little ways and find ritual sacrifice of animals for healing, divination, and other superstitious reasons, and all manner of treatment of animals that many of us in modern industrial nations would find abhorrent. And the European lion, the dodo, and perhaps most of the earth’s megafauna were all wiped out by pre-industrial human beings. Let’s be careful about the “noble savage” view of pre-industrial humanity as all gentle and harmonious with their environmment. And let’s not forget that peopel from cultures all over the world rejected living as part of nature and embraced the comforts of technology as soon as they could.
I certainly agree that industrialization has allowed us to damage the planet in terrible and unprecedented ways, but I don’t think anything about us has fundamentally changed.