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Was the Exodus natural or supernatural, fact or fiction?
Posted: 04 February 2013 01:44 PM   [ Ignore ]
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Was the Exodus natural or supernatural, fact or fiction?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FbJ6qVsu_MU

I have always had a problem with the notion that God would have hardened Pharaoh’s soft heart and pave the way for him to kill/murder the first born of Egypt. For God to do so would have been evil indeed.

Do you think that science has explained the purported miracles as natural phenomena?

From what I can see, the Jews who wrote the story did not take it literally.

http://www.raceandhistory.com/historicalviews/doubtingexodus.htm

Should Christians recognize the O T stories as natural or supernatural, fact or fiction?
Regards
DL

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Posted: 04 February 2013 08:15 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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I’m thinking that it’s a dramatically overblown combination of both. There are numerous historical problems with the whole Exodus story, not the least of which is that there is no evidence of a mass migration of any kind from anybody anywhere in the Sanai. When archaeologists can find and identify the remains of Bedouin camps from over 6000 years ago, you would think that there wouldn’t be a problem finding the trash heaps from hundreds of thousands of people living as a community in the desert for 40 years.

And if that entire generation was “consumed”, where are all the graves?

Further, at the time this was supposed to have happened, one would have to wonder exactly where these people would escape to. There were a number of Egyptian fortifications along the Sinai which were garrisoned by the Egyptian army to protect the trade routes and the whole of the area which was supposed to be the promised land was an Egyptian territory.

I think what may have happened is that a small group of serfs made their way into the desert and the story got amped up over time. That’s graciously assuming that anything of the kind happened at all.

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Posted: 04 February 2013 08:38 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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Another issue is that it is a rather small desert. It would take sheer stupidity for that number of people to get lost in a desert that small, as opposed to being lost in the middle of the Sahara.

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Posted: 05 February 2013 04:46 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]
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Equal Opportunity Curmudgeon - 04 February 2013 08:15 PM

I’m thinking that it’s a dramatically overblown combination of both. There are numerous historical problems with the whole Exodus story, not the least of which is that there is no evidence of a mass migration of any kind from anybody anywhere in the Sanai. When archaeologists can find and identify the remains of Bedouin camps from over 6000 years ago, you would think that there wouldn’t be a problem finding the trash heaps from hundreds of thousands of people living as a community in the desert for 40 years.

And if that entire generation was “consumed”, where are all the graves?

Further, at the time this was supposed to have happened, one would have to wonder exactly where these people would escape to. There were a number of Egyptian fortifications along the Sinai which were garrisoned by the Egyptian army to protect the trade routes and the whole of the area which was supposed to be the promised land was an Egyptian territory.

I think what may have happened is that a small group of serfs made their way into the desert and the story got amped up over time. That’s graciously assuming that anything of the kind happened at all.

The author makes some telling connections to the Hyksos expulsion.
I give it some veracity as it seems to fit the geological records of Egypt, not scriptures.
The scriptures were probably slanted to give the Semites pride.
That type of typology was fairly common at the time.
The N T may have been written the same way thanks to the War of the Jews book and Rome’s deep purse and need to control the masses.
The Noble Lie has never stopped.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJgvws0ZYUE

Regards
DL

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Posted: 05 February 2013 04:48 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 4 ]
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asanta - 04 February 2013 08:38 PM

Another issue is that it is a rather small desert. It would take sheer stupidity for that number of people to get lost in a desert that small, as opposed to being lost in the middle of the Sahara.

That and it would take more like 40 days to do the trek. Not 40 years. Not much drama in saying 40 days thought.

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DL

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Posted: 06 February 2013 01:01 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 5 ]
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The last I heard it was general consensus that there was no actual archeological evidence for the Exodus.  The Israelites would have left campsites all over the Sinai, and archaologists had failed to find any.

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Posted: 06 February 2013 01:31 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 6 ]
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A quick summery of what may have happened:

Many slave escaped Egypt individually and in small groups.  Many were dependents of desert Bedouins therefore the Abraham stories. 
Some of these slaves established communities in the Sinai and the hills of Canaan.  As these communities grew they began encroaching on the more settled lowlands.  In order to unite these disorganized groups some leaders began adopting the oral history that was familiar to most of the people of the time into specific tales that would create a somewhat single people from the multitude.  This resulted in the twelve tribes most likely for political reasons and created a god opposed to Baal, the god of the Canaanites.  The reason that we are still concerned with these stories is in all probability that by mere coincidence the alphabet was originally invented in the Sinai during this period and led to recording of these tales in a way they could be passed down and used by future generations in a new way (advance of technology).  Who knows, if the alphabet was invented in Persia, India, China or Babylon, we could all be discussing a related but different set of tales.


This is an area I have read a bit about in the past, I don’t have specific references at the moment, but when I finish with my current projects I may get into this area more.

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Posted: 06 February 2013 06:23 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 7 ]
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Thanks for this.

Regards
DL

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Posted: 06 February 2013 06:26 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 8 ]
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advocatus - 06 February 2013 01:01 PM

The last I heard it was general consensus that there was no actual archeological evidence for the Exodus.  The Israelites would have left campsites all over the Sinai, and archaologists had failed to find any.

Yes, the lack of evidence is quite telling.
That is why I give veracity to the Hyksos expulsion as the base for the Jewish myth.

That system of topological writing was common in those days.

The N T may have been written the same way thanks to the War of the Jews book and Rome’s deep purse.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJgvws0ZYUE

Regards
DL

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Posted: 23 April 2013 06:56 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 9 ]
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IMHO….
1. The Egyptians were incredible documentists; they documented everything.
2. Why is there no documentation regarding the slaughter of all the Egyptian “first born” males?
3. The hebrew slaves follow moses “into the wilderness”....
4. Why is there no documentation regarding losing that many slaves all at once?
5. According to the bible, the Pharo with his army (including chariots and horses) chased all these folks; caught them at the “then parted” red sea, and sent his troops (a lot of them) in after the slaves. Moses closed the red sea and all the Pharo’s troops were all drowned.
4. Why is there no documentation regarding the loss of an entire Egyptian army.

“Exodus”????

Nope.

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Posted: 24 April 2013 09:13 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 10 ]
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jthorndyke - 23 April 2013 06:56 AM

IMHO….
1. The Egyptians were incredible documentists; they documented everything.
2. Why is there no documentation regarding the slaughter of all the Egyptian “first born” males?
3. The hebrew slaves follow moses “into the wilderness”....
4. Why is there no documentation regarding losing that many slaves all at once?
5. According to the bible, the Pharo with his army (including chariots and horses) chased all these folks; caught them at the “then parted” red sea, and sent his troops (a lot of them) in after the slaves. Moses closed the red sea and all the Pharo’s troops were all drowned.
4. Why is there no documentation regarding the loss of an entire Egyptian army.

“Exodus”????

Nope.

Take a look at “The Bible Unearthed”  Pg.69- 71 for a possible explanation, basically what Finklestien and Silberman are saying is that the Exodus story was derived from folk memories created by the peoples of the Cannan area migrationg to Egypt and returning to Canaan depending on climate conditions.  These migrations and returns happened many times ”  These stories orginanated, according to the authors’ due to the various conflicts this caused at different times and were systematized into the Exodus story in the 7th century B.C.E in support of King Josiah and his conflict with Egypt.

” During the time of the Kingdoms of Isreal and Judah, the Exodus story would have endured and been elaborated as a national saga - a call to national unity in the face of continual threats from great empires.”              Pg 69

“Yet it seems clear that the biblical story of the Exodus drew its power not only from ancient trafitionsand contemporary geographical and demographic details but even more directly from contemporary political realities.              Pg. 69

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Posted: 24 April 2013 12:57 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 11 ]
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advocatus - 06 February 2013 01:01 PM

The last I heard it was general consensus that there was no actual archeological evidence for the Exodus.  The Israelites would have left campsites all over the Sinai, and archaologists had failed to find any.

^another point^

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Posted: 24 April 2013 04:07 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 12 ]
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I guess one could say that the story grew in the telling and the exodus follows the literary path of legends, I.e. partly fact, partly fiction. Archeologists have found remains, pot shreds, etc. that indicate a gradual exodus of handfuls,  and as has already been pointed out, Egyptian records on papyrus and stone carvings that show Canaanite slaves working on temples. IMO what is really important is that these Canaanites formed tribes from loose family groups and credited their monotheistic god for their freedom. Otherwise Yawyeh would be just another nondescript god in the Semitic pantheon. The story may have been the glue that held together the emerging 12 tribes as they began their conquest of Canaan, eventually setting up the Israelite kingdom. So in this sense, the exodus, even though it can’t be proven was the key to creating the future Hebrew Nation worshipping their god of freedom.


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/moses-exodus.html


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Posted: 29 April 2013 10:44 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 13 ]
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Good points all.

Regards
DL

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Posted: 07 May 2013 08:40 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 14 ]
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I don’t think there’s any significant evidence indicating the Children of Israel were in ancient Egypt as a tribe or people, let alone as slaves.  It isn’t that farfetched to state it’s probable some of them were in Egypt at some time or another, but one would think that if anything similar to the Exodus took place, some record relating to it would exist.  If Moses was brought up as a member of the royal familty it’s likely there would be some record as well.  For an ancient people, the Egyptians were remarkably good at keeping records.

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Posted: 07 May 2013 09:31 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 15 ]
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I agree on the Egyptians—- and think ot was the Hyksos expulsion that the Jews capitalized on for their myth.

Regards
DL

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