A philosophical comic strip
Posted: 10 October 2013 09:52 AM   [ Ignore ]
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A day in the Park - found on another board.

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Posted: 10 October 2013 05:45 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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very Nice. thanks much

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Posted: 10 October 2013 10:24 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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Amusing and charming philosophical cartoon smile

What is philosophy?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Or casually, by extension:

In more casual speech, by extension, “philosophy” can refer to “the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”.

So, where is the philosophy in the cartoon?

1. When the old gentleman said he collected a “good old fashioned” collection of answers whereas eye’s (he is one huge eye) collection of questions was “eccentric”, it is prejudice i.e. unjustified value judgment.

2. Eye’s contention that he “would never trade a question for an answer” because he could not see the “long term profit”, is pragmatism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pragmatism

Pragmatists contend that most philosophical topics—such as the nature of knowledge, language, concepts, meaning, belief, and science—are all best viewed in terms of their practical uses and successes rather than in terms of representative accuracy.

3. Eye’s remark that questions are “the big carrot that always keep us on the move. Always becoming….  ....Never complete”, is process philosophy.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Process_philosophy

In opposition to the classical model of change as accidental (as by Aristotle) or illusory, process philosophy regards change as the cornerstone of reality—the cornerstone of the Being thought as Becoming.

4. That the old gentleman took his collection of answers and left in a huff is denial and unwarranted dismissal of the relevance of questions.  grin 

So, what is a question?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Question

A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression. The information requested may be provided in the form of an answer.

For impartial inquiry, questions are the essence in the Socratic Method (SM).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socratic_method

The Socratic method (also known as method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate), named after the classical Greek philosopher Socrates, is a form of inquiry and discussion between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to illuminate ideas. It is a dialectical method, often involving a discussion in which the defense of one point of view is questioned; one participant may lead another to contradict himself in some way, thus strengthening the inquirer’s own point.

What is the SM and it’s relation to the scientific method?

The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions.

What is Socratic questioning?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socratic_questioning

The key to distinguishing Socratic questioning from questioning per se is that Socratic questioning is systematic, disciplined, and deep, and usually focuses on fundamental concepts, principles, theories, issues, or problems.

Socratic questioning is referred to in teaching, and has gained currency as a concept in education particularly in the past two decades. Teachers, students, or indeed anyone interested in probing thinking at a deep level can and should construct Socratic questions and engage in these questions.

And what is critical thinking?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking

Critical thinking is a way of deciding whether a claim is true, partially true, or false. Critical thinking is a process that leads to skills that can be learned, mastered and used. Critical thinking is a tool by which one can come about reasoned conclusions based on a reasoned process. This process incorporates passion and creativity, but guides it with discipline, practicality and common sense. It can be traced in the West to ancient Greece with its Socratic method and in the East to ancient India with the Buddhist kalama sutta and abhidharma literature. Critical thinking is an important component of education, politics, business, and science.

The importance of critical thinking in the pursuit of knowledge:

Critical thinking is an important element of all professional fields and academic disciplines (by referencing their respective sets of permissible questions, evidence sources, criteria, etc.). Within the framework of scientific skepticism, the process of critical thinking involves the careful acquisition and interpretation of information and use of it to reach a well-justified conclusion.

So, are questions more collectible than answers? Not really.

Just collecting questions without discrimination, method, critical thinking and the proper usage of questions is as inane as just collecting answers.  cheese

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Posted: 13 October 2013 04:50 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]
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kkwan - 10 October 2013 10:24 PM

Amusing and charming philosophical cartoon smile

What is philosophy?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Or casually, by extension:

In more casual speech, by extension, “philosophy” can refer to “the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”.

So, where is the philosophy in the cartoon?

1. When the old gentleman said he collected a “good old fashioned” collection of answers whereas eye’s (he is one huge eye) collection of questions was “eccentric”, it is prejudice i.e. unjustified value judgment.

2. Eye’s contention that he “would never trade a question for an answer” because he could not see the “long term profit”, is pragmatism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pragmatism

Pragmatists contend that most philosophical topics—such as the nature of knowledge, language, concepts, meaning, belief, and science—are all best viewed in terms of their practical uses and successes rather than in terms of representative accuracy.

3. Eye’s remark that questions are “the big carrot that always keep us on the move. Always becoming….  ....Never complete”, is process philosophy.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Process_philosophy

In opposition to the classical model of change as accidental (as by Aristotle) or illusory, process philosophy regards change as the cornerstone of reality—the cornerstone of the Being thought as Becoming.

4. That the old gentleman took his collection of answers and left in a huff is denial and unwarranted dismissal of the relevance of questions.  grin 

So, what is a question?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Question

A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression. The information requested may be provided in the form of an answer.

For impartial inquiry, questions are the essence in the Socratic Method (SM).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socratic_method

The Socratic method (also known as method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate), named after the classical Greek philosopher Socrates, is a form of inquiry and discussion between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to illuminate ideas. It is a dialectical method, often involving a discussion in which the defense of one point of view is questioned; one participant may lead another to contradict himself in some way, thus strengthening the inquirer’s own point.

What is the SM and it’s relation to the scientific method?

The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions.

What is Socratic questioning?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socratic_questioning

The key to distinguishing Socratic questioning from questioning per se is that Socratic questioning is systematic, disciplined, and deep, and usually focuses on fundamental concepts, principles, theories, issues, or problems.

Socratic questioning is referred to in teaching, and has gained currency as a concept in education particularly in the past two decades. Teachers, students, or indeed anyone interested in probing thinking at a deep level can and should construct Socratic questions and engage in these questions.

And what is critical thinking?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking

Critical thinking is a way of deciding whether a claim is true, partially true, or false. Critical thinking is a process that leads to skills that can be learned, mastered and used. Critical thinking is a tool by which one can come about reasoned conclusions based on a reasoned process. This process incorporates passion and creativity, but guides it with discipline, practicality and common sense. It can be traced in the West to ancient Greece with its Socratic method and in the East to ancient India with the Buddhist kalama sutta and abhidharma literature. Critical thinking is an important component of education, politics, business, and science.

The importance of critical thinking in the pursuit of knowledge:

Critical thinking is an important element of all professional fields and academic disciplines (by referencing their respective sets of permissible questions, evidence sources, criteria, etc.). Within the framework of scientific skepticism, the process of critical thinking involves the careful acquisition and interpretation of information and use of it to reach a well-justified conclusion.

So, are questions more collectible than answers? Not really.

Just collecting questions without discrimination, method, critical thinking and the proper usage of questions is as inane as just collecting answers.  cheese

You have to know how to do it. It isn’t a matter of “collecting” questions. If you understood even the most basic rules of critical thinking you would know that.

Lois

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Posted: 30 January 2014 04:06 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 4 ]
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About so called *philosophy of science*
= Vacuum and Quantum of light are still two fundamental puzzles in physics.

About quantum of light Einstein wrote:
‘‘ All these fifty years of conscious brooding have brought me
no nearer to the answer to the question, ‘What are light quanta?’
Nowadays every Tom, Dick and Harry thinks he knows it,
but he is mistaken.’‘

And about vacuum there are different opinions.
a)
” The most fundamental question facing 21st century physics will be:
What is the vacuum? As quantum mechanics teaches us, with
its zero point energy this vacuum is not empty and the word
vacuum is a gross misnomer!.”
      / Prof. Friedwardt Winterberg /
b)
‘ It is true . . . there is such a thing as absolute zero; we cannot
reach temperatures below absolute zero not because we are not
sufficiently clever but because temperatures below absolute zero
simple have no meaning.’
/ Book : ‘Dreams of a final theory’. Page 138. By Steven Weinberg./
c).
‘If we were looking for something that we could conceive
of as God within the universe of the new physics, this ground
state, coherent quantum vacuum might be a good place to start.’
/ Book ‘The quantum self ’ page 208,  by Danah Zohar. /

Conclusion.  As Paul Dirac wrote:
” The problem of the exact description of vacuum, in my opinion,
is the basic problem now before physics. Really, if you can’t correctly
describe the vacuum, how it is possible to expect a correct description
of something more complex? “
=.
So, what is *philosophy of science*  if we don’t know these two simplest
  but fundamental structure of the Universe?
=====…

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14 different schools of  QT..png
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The secret of God, Soul and Existence is hidden
in ‘ Vacuum and Quantum of Light Theories ’.

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Posted: 02 February 2014 07:44 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 5 ]
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socratus - 30 January 2014 04:06 AM

About so called *philosophy of science*

So, what is *philosophy of science*  if we don’t know these two simplest
  but fundamental structure of the Universe?
=====…

What is the philosophy of science?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_of_science

The philosophy of science is concerned with the assumptions, foundations, methods, and implications of science and with the use and merit of science.

What is a vacuum? 

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum

Vacuum is space that is devoid of matter. The word stems from the Latin adjective vacuus for “vacant” or “void”.

Modern understanding of a vacuum:

According to modern understanding, even if all matter could be removed from a volume, it would still not be “empty” due to vacuum fluctuations, dark energy, transiting gamma- and cosmic rays, neutrinos, along with other phenomena in quantum physics.

What is a quantum?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum

In physics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interaction. Behind this, one finds the fundamental notion that a physical property may be “quantized,” referred to as “the hypothesis of quantization”. This means that the magnitude can take on only certain discrete values.

A photon is a single quantum of light, and is referred to as a “light quantum”. The energy of an electron bound to an atom is quantized, which results in the stability of atoms, and hence of matter in general.

Notwithstanding that, it does not entail that the philosophy of science is a vacuous inquiry.

We don’t know what is gravity, time, dark matter/energy, whether the universe has a beginning or an end and is it finite or infinite but that does not mean that the validly of the philosophy of science as an ongoing inquiry, is questionable.

What is a more fundamental question, is: why is there always something and never nothing, in the universe?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nothing

In physics, the word nothing is not used in any technical sense. A region of space is called a vacuum if it does not contain any matter, though it can contain physical fields. In fact, it is practically impossible to construct a region of space that contains no matter or fields, since gravity cannot be blocked and all objects at a non-zero temperature radiate electromagnetically. However, even if such a region existed, it could still not be referred to as “nothing”, since it has properties and a measurable existence as part of the quantum-mechanical vacuum. Where there is supposedly empty space there are constant quantum fluctuations with virtual particles continually popping into and out of existence.

Bold added by me.

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