God ‘s power and the “heavy stone”
The old paradox:
Can God make a stone so heavy that He can’t lift it?
“Can God make a stone so heavy that He can’t lift it?”
That is an example of a fallacious question, and that is why it is a paradox, because of its being a fallacious question.
Allow me to propose what is the concept of a paradox.
From stock knowledge, a paradox is a statement of an event which is contrary to the truth accepted by every reasoning human.
Now, what do you folks here think about my example below of a paradox?
A police detective comes to the conclusion that for example Peter Dawson was murdered by Paul Brown, but his friend working in the city’s civil registry office tells him that Paul Brown died twenty years back.
Anyway, pardon the poor example, my point is that in every paradox there is an intrinsic contradiction in the thought put forth in subtle words.
Let us find out why “Can God make a stone so heavy that He can’t lift it?” is a fallacious question.
First, it is common knowledge that God in concept is all powerful; if you don’t accept that God is all powerful, then you are not talking about God.
So, the logical question and the logical answer should be:
Q. Can God lift any stone no matter how heavy He makes it?
A. Yes, God can lift any stone no matter how heavy He makes it.
The fallacy of the question, “Can God make a stone so heavy that He can’t lift it?” consists in first conceding that God is all powerful, this concession is put in the first clause:
“Can God make a stone so heavy.”
And then denying that concession with the second clause:
“That He can’t lift it?”
So, the whole question is a self-contradiction, and it is a nonsense question.
It is a paradox because it is affirming and denying the same thought, by subtle manipulations of words and concepts.
What do you folks here say?
You will ask me, what is a fallacy?
Here is my concept of what is a fallacy: an uncritical statement of an event that is not grounded upon truths, facts, and logic.
The question: “Can God make a stone so heavy that He can’t lift it?” is a fallacious question, because it is uncritical for lacking the ingredient of a critical question, namely, the ingredient of logic: it violates logic for logic requires that a thought must not be self-contradictory, as I have explained above.