Time/ Space: from Hawking back to Einstein / Minkowski.

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a) Stephen Hawking, book: “The theory of everything. Fifth lecture.”

” . . . . the universe must have a beginning, and that this beginning

must be described in terms of quantum theory.”

“When one goes back to the real time in which we live, however,

there will still appear to be singularities. The poor astronaut who falls

into a black hole . . . . could live in imaginary time, that he would

encounter no singularities.”

“This might suggest that the so-called imaginary time is really the

fundamental time, and that we call real time is something we create

just in our minds. In real time, the universe has a beginning and

an end at singularities that form a boundary to space-time and at which

the laws of science break down. But in imaginary time, there are

no singularities or boundaries. So maybe what we call imaginary time

is really more basic, and what we call real time is just an idea that we

invent to help us describe what we think the universe is like.”

/ page 91/

So.

The real time in which we live has singularities.

But imaginary time without singularities or boundaries ” is really the

fundamental time”, ” is really more basic. ”

b) Einstein /Minkowski.

It was Einstein who first in 1905 introduced imaginary time in SRT.

In 1908 Minkowski changed imaginary time into 4D and said:

“ Henceforth, space by itself, and time by itself,

are doomed to fade away into mere shadows,

and only a kind of union of the two will

preserve an independent reality.”

So.

” space by itself, and time by itself” the real space and time in which

we live are “shadows” . . . . ” and only a kind of union of the two

( on the basis of imaginary time) will preserve an independent reality.”

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My solution.

An imaginary time means a situation of absence of Time.

The situation of absence time means Eternal condition.

The Eternal condition belongs to Infinite zero vacuum: T=0K.

The black hole is eternal zero vacuum (T=0K) continuum.

The 4D is eternal zero vacuum (T=0K) continuum.

Space by itself (gravity-space) and Time (gravity-time) by itself

are secondary: made out from the eternal zero vacuum (T=0K)

through singularity / vacuum fluctuation-transformation.

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Best wishes.

Israel Sadovnik Socratus

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