Star formation. / scheme by Israel Sadovnik Socratus /
Posted: 02 November 2015 05:43 PM   [ Ignore ]
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Star formation. / scheme by Israel Sadovnik Socratus /
(reference frame, masses, energy, process, limits)
==..
1) Where does star formation begin?
Star formation begins in the Zero Vacuum T=0K.

2) Which primary masses is needed for star formation?
The primary masses of star formation are k-molar – masses.
  ( k-molar particles:  R/N= k)
3) Which primary energy needs for star formation?
      The primary energy is E=h*f , E=(kb)*f
 
4) How the primary process of star formation is going?

In some local place of T=0K there are Avogadro numbers
of molar-mass particles (k).  In this local place an energy particle
with energy E=h*f,  E=(kb)*f begins rotate (Kapitza / Landau
experiment)  and create Loschmidt volume space.
  As the result of such action:
the molar-mass particles (k) change their state and became
chemical element known by name “helium two -  He II”  (T=2,17K)
and the next chemical element will be helium one – He I (T=4,2K).
In the beginning the process is going as h*f >kT.  More correct -
the process is going as   E=(kb)*f > E= kT logW. ( logW as a probability
factor to create Loschmidt volume space.) In this situation is possible
to use “Stefan-Boltzmann total radiation law given off by an ideal gas.”
# Later all system became rotated and the rotation of He II and He I are
different from all others known liquids. He II and He I rotate as some
hard elastic strings. (E.L. Andronikashvili experiment).
In their movement the hard elastic strings of He II and He I break on
small pieces known as ion-hydrogen (T=20,5K).
# It seems that the temperature of the system in this point would
stop increase . . .  and then the process would go vice versa . . .
. . . the small pieces of ion -hydrogen would break into pieces of helium
  . . .  and it will be seemed that the star runs to cool off . . . . .
. . . .  but . . .  . but . . . in this time new factor comes.

5) One supplementary factor for star formation.

  Sun is some kind of “cosmic stove”.
To keep fire in the “stove” is needed all time to put “wood” in it.
Light quanta have masses and therefore (according to GRT)
the gravity field of Sun can grasp light quanta and . . . . 
and . . . . burn them. The “wood” for Sun are light quanta.
The combination of helium, ion-hydrogen and light quanta
increase hot to the level known by name “nuclear reactions” . . . .
In this case the process is going as E=kT logW > E=(kb)*f . 
( logW as a probability factor to have enough mass to create strong
Gravity field) . 
Every second Sun loses (x) ton of its masses as radiation . . .
it means that every second Sun needs “to eat” equal (x) ton
of masses of light quanta in order to keep its long-life functions.
There isn’t “free lunch” for Sun radiation.
To have “lunch”  Sun needs “food “-  light quanta.
Without “food-fuel”  Sun radiation will be quickly go out.
# Once more:
Sun (stars) cannot exist for long time without food –
- quantum of light. And the Cook who prepared this food for
stars (as well as for life too) is the Vacuum, Zero Vacuum: T=0K,
. . . . .  “God –Vacuum”.
# Look at wisdom of Nature,  look at wisdom of “God –Vacuum”.
As children we created snowball. How we did this?
We took a snow in our hands and pressed it and then we pushed
that little ball of snow along, and it got bibber and bigger.
So, in the center of snowball is the same kind of snow as outside
only in different conditions.
God- Vacuum, Nature played in the same way.
God-Vacuum gives birth to passive, potential k-molar particles.
Then He “pressed” one k- molar-particle (or it pressed by itself) and
it became energy- ball particle with formula E=(kb)*f and pushed that
little energy - ball of “snow”- along passive k-molar particles
(they have geometrical forms of flat-circles)  and they created
thermodynamic hot ball by the formula:  E=kT (logW)
So, in the center of star-ball is the same kind of particle as outside
only in different conditions.
6)
The Zero Vacuum is an infinite / unlimited continuum.
Everything the rest is limited by physical laws.
Masses are limited by physical parameters:
a)  on the micro scale by k- molar-mass and
b)  on the macro scale by Chandrasekhar’s mass.
7)
Which power was created hot star - gravity? 
The answer can be only one:  electro-dynamical.
“Is the electromagnetic force really strong?”
“It is very strong and this is surprising too because it can work over
an infinite range. To give you an idea, the electromagnetic force is
approximately 10^36 times stronger than the earth’s gravitational field!
That is (to put it in perspective)
1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 times stronger
  than gravity on Earth!”
http://emandpplabs.nscee.edu/cool/temporary/doors/forces/electromagforce/electromagnetic.htm
8)
In the XVII, the XVIII, the XIX centuries the Newton’s gravity
of gravity was adopted as effect to the Universe as whole.
Even in the XX century Einstein in 1917 used his gravity theory
(GRT)  to the Universe as whole. 
Today astronomers and astrophysicists know that
the Gravity doesn’t work in our Galaxy as whole. And therefore
(trying to safe Gravity)  they say that only 4% or 7% of masses
in the Universe are collected in stars and planets (many centuries
scientists ( + Einstein) were sure that about all masses of the
Universe collected into stars and planets)  and more than 90%
of masses in the Universe as whole are “dark masses”
  and “dark energy”.  Nobody knows what they are.
Nobody knows how from unseen “dark masses” and “dark energy”
these visual stars and planets were created.
My opinion:
      a) the Gravity is local Cosmic effect.
        b) the “dark masses”  are E= kT logW.
        c)  the “dark energy” is   E=(kb)*f .
But until today nobody explained the interaction between
E= (kb)*f and   E=kT (logW). / . .  .  the Nobel Prize . . 2115 (?) /
9)
Today an “aether” is the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation:
  T=2,7 (the Nobel Prize 1978 )  but tomorrow   - - - - >
  tomorrow - - - -  >  T=2,7K——-——- - >  T=0K.
10)
If in Andronikashvili experiment will be found ion-hydrogen . . .
then this scheme is on the right way.
===================…
Best wishes.
Israel Sadovnik   Socratus.
================…

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The secret of God, Soul and Existence is hidden
in ‘ Vacuum and Quantum of Light Theories ’.

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Posted: 02 November 2015 06:56 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]
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Jabberwocky.

LL

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[color=red“Nothing is so good as it seems beforehand.”
― George Eliot, Silas Marner[/color]

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Posted: 03 November 2015 03:41 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]
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Galaxy mergers
Galaxy mergers can occur when two (or more) galaxies collide. ....
The larger galaxy will often “eat” the smaller,
absorbing most of its gas and stars with little ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galaxy_merger
# Monster galaxies gain weight by eating smaller neighbours (this page)
September 19th, 2014
The International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research
http://www.icrar.org/home/monster-galaxies-gain-weight-by-eating-smaller-neighbours
# . . . . . etc.

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in ‘ Vacuum and Quantum of Light Theories ’.

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Posted: 27 November 2015 06:49 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]
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a) The average density of matter ( the critical density ) in the universe
(even incorporating a dark mass and dark energy )  is so small that
the universe as a whole must be an “open”  flat infinite continuum

b)  According to WMAP the universe as whole is flat
http://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html

c)  The MCBR has a thermal temperature of 2.7 K and
this temperature will be drop down . . . . to zero

d) ‘ According to the picture emerging from the WMAP satellite,
a mysterious antigravity force is accelerating the expansion
of the universe. If it continued for billions or trillions of years,
the universe will inevitably reach a big freeze . . . ’
/ page 288 /
  #
In 1854, . . .  Helmholtz realized that the laws of
thermodynamics could be applied to the universe as a whole,
meaning that everything around us, including the stars and
galaxies, would eventually have to run down.’
/ Book:  Parallel Worlds ,  page 289,  by Michio Kaku /
===…

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The secret of God, Soul and Existence is hidden
in ‘ Vacuum and Quantum of Light Theories ’.

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