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New Insights into Hallucinations, PSI and ASC (merged)
Posted: 03 June 2017 09:25 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 16 ]
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The so-called supernatural phenomena usually appear in “deep hallucinations”. The above analysis proves that there are no supernatural phenomena at all in ASC, and they are simply illusions which happens along with hallucinations.


to be continued…

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:26 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 17 ]
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But many people who claim to have experienced them, firmly hold that they are real. The reason lies in that waking from “deep hallucinations” is essentially different from waking from dreams. In dreams, sensation shuts down and all the stimulation perception receives is internal and false. Therefore, one can easily determine that he was dreaming (in hallucinations) after waking, even though he cannot distinguish reality from illusions during the dream. However, in “paradoxical hallucinations”, both internal and external stimulations affect perception and their strengths are similar. As a result, once waking up, one cannot clearly determine what parts are reality and what parts are hallucinations. In “complete hallucinations”, ESP “truly” happened, totally different from “dreaming out” ESP in dreams. Consequently, once waking up, one wrongly thinks that supernatural phenomena are real.


to be continued…

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:27 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 18 ]
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If you are interested in our research, you can read the paper at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2959315

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:35 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 19 ]
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Sorry, everyone! To get past of the overly aggressive forum spam filter, I have to separate my content into pieces.

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:50 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 20 ]
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Abstract: Our research is based on the empirical documents which give experiential descriptions of various altered states of consciousness (meditation, mind-altering drugs, hypnosis, physiological lesion and so on). Firstly, we summarizes four essential phenomena in ASC after an initial clarification.


to be continued…

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:56 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 21 ]
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By probing into the changes in the relation of their relative strength from a new dimension that external objective stimulations and internal false stimulations can affect perception together, a theoretical framework of hallucinations is constructed and a scientific interpretation of the supernatural phenomena is made: When internal stimulation is almost equal to external stimulation, the mixture of the two kinds of stimulation causes two conflicting experiences in perception simultaneously, and therefore leads to paradoxical and deranged apperceiving, resulting in out-of-body experiences and synesthesia; when internal stimulation is far stronger than external stimulation, ESP happens as a result of internal false stimulation being mistaken as external objective stimulation which enters through various senses and external objective stimulation being mistaken as perception which does not result from various senses.


to be continued…

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Posted: 03 June 2017 09:57 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 22 ]
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After that, a new filtering hypothesis is presented to explain the more sensitive awareness and its potential value is explored. On such basis, a unified analytical framework will be made based on the empirical documents, so as to reveal the essence of ASC: The reduction of self-awareness results in three mechanisms (the more sensitive awareness, hallucinations and jhāna samādhi) and the relation of them is figured out. Finally, this paper also reveals the essence of the Buddhist deep insight and the mystery of cessation and insight.


to be continued…

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Posted: 04 June 2017 12:32 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 23 ]
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DarronS - 03 June 2017 07:38 PM
wengehuang - 03 June 2017 07:23 PM
DarronS - 03 June 2017 05:54 AM

I know English isn’t your first language, but coming on a nonspecialist discussion forum and speaking in jargon isn’t a good way to grab people’s interest. I may take a look at this later if I find time and inclination, but it would stimulate discussion here if you would actually start a discussion. Provide a synopsis of your work and make a statement about your conclusions.

Thank you very much for your kind suggestion! I tried to put more information here, but it seems the forum screen my content. I will try again later.

The forum spam filter is overly aggressive. Nothing the admins can do about that. Try a new post. I find that sometimes typing another sentence on a separate paragraph at the bottom of the post will get past the filter.


I have done it. Thank you very much!

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Posted: 05 June 2017 09:17 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 24 ]
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Thank you for posting this. That’s a lot to digest. I’ll come back later with comments and questions.

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Posted: 14 June 2017 08:15 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 25 ]
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Here are some new ideas based on our previous theoretical framework of hallucinations. We call them “six states of perception”.

In accordance with our previous analysis, by definition in modern psychology, hallucinations are perceptions that occur in the absence of external objective stimulation, namely, perceptions by internal false stimulation. According to this definition, perceptions can occur in two ways. One is that external objective stimulation affects perception through sensation, while the other is that internal false stimulation directly affects perception. For perception, the two ways lead to the same effects.

1.  The normal waking state of consciousness

Only external objective stimulation.

2.  Elementary hallucinations

External objective stimulation   >>  internal false stimulation.

3.  Paradoxical hallucinations

External objective stimulation   ≈  internal false stimulation.

The mixture of the two kinds of stimulation causes two conflicting experiences in perception simultaneously, and therefore leads to paradoxical and deranged apperceiving, resulting in out-of-body experiences and synesthesia.

4.  Complete hallucinations

External objective stimulation   <<  internal false stimulation.

ESP happens because there are two pathways to affect perception and the essence of ESP is that internal false stimulation is mistaken as external objective stimulation which happens through various senses and that external objective stimulation as perception which does not result from various senses.

5.  Dreaming

Only internal false stimulation.

Dreams are not often treated as hallucinations. But according to the definition of hallucinations, that is, “perceptions that occur in the absence of external objective stimulation”, we holds that dreams, in nature, are a kind of hallucinations. Unlike common hallucinations whose cause is the reduction of self-awareness, the cause of the hallucinations in dreams is sensory deprivation. When sleeping, the sensations of the five senses shut down and the external stimulation to perception, which is far lower than that in the sensory deprivation experiment (especially the sense of touch), almost vanishes. Therefore, within a very short time, imaginary scenes can appear. It is because sensation shuts down in dreams that perception is affected only by internal false stimulation.

6.  Dreamless sleep

No external objective stimulation, no internal false stimulation either.

No stimulation affects perception at all.

About Jhāna Samādhi

It is still unknown to the generation mechanism of jhāna samādhi. But according to the experiential descriptions of plenty of people who have such experiences, thinking activities halt due to the obliteration of self-awareness in jhāna samādhi. At the same time, perception shuts down to activate a new mode of apperceiving, one totally different from the usual five-sense mode of perception. One feels that he and the universe assimilate each other and everything in daily life, even himself, disappears. Such experiences are so-called mystical experiences. At this moment, both consciousness and the unconscious disappear, which we call a state of super-consciousness and super-perception.

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Posted: 15 June 2017 06:39 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 26 ]
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The interesting thing to me is that when you talk with a true believer in the paranormal, they always assume that they would be able to tell the difference between a hallucination and “real” perception.  I once listened to someone describe a situation in which she heard an invisible person walking through the room.  When I casually wondered if it could have been an hypnogogic hallucination, she indignantly replied, “I was NOT dreaming!”

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Posted: 16 June 2017 01:34 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 27 ]
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Thank you wengehuang, for that interesting analysis.

I have a question in regard to the mind’s ability to create hallucinations in the first place.

I have read some about the brain’s “mirror neural system”, or the brain’s ability to represent external stimuli into coherent mental images.

However, this system can be fooled into false representations, such as in experiencing “optical illusions”.  rotating-dots.gif

Is there a possible connection between “hallucination” and the function of the brain’s “mirror neural system”?

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Posted: 16 June 2017 03:15 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 28 ]
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Write4U - 16 June 2017 01:34 AM

Thank you wengehuang, for that interesting analysis.

I have a question in regard to the mind’s ability to create hallucinations in the first place.

I have read some about the brain’s “mirror neural system”, or the brain’s ability to represent external stimuli into coherent mental images.

However, this system can be fooled into false representations, such as in experiencing “optical illusions”.  rotating-dots.gif

Is there a possible connection between “hallucination” and the function of the brain’s “mirror neural system”?

Write4U, I don’t think that there is any connection between the mechanism of creating hallucinations and the function of the brain’s “mirror neural system”. Illusions are not hallucinations.

The mechanism of creating hallucinations is still unknown, what I study and discuss here is on another level.

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Posted: 17 June 2017 05:41 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 29 ]
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wengehuang said,
The mechanism of creating hallucinations is still unknown, what I study and discuss here is on another level.

If it is still unknown, I would suggest to look “deeper” into the mirror neural system. It is what allows us to experience our (and even other’s) realities, but also is causal to our dreams.

[ Edited: 18 June 2017 03:41 AM by Write4U ]
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