I’m more with Titanomachina on this. Music can be thought of as language, but in the sense that people talking to each other is language. We still have English, Chinese, Swahili, etc. in a similar way that we have rock, polka, raga, etc. Musical understanding seems to be based on social context more than anything else.
That said, there are a couple of musical elements that do seem to be universal. People don’t agree on happy/sad/anger in music, but I remember a study showing that people do seem to interpret intensity in similar ways - in the sense that more dissonant music can be more intense (to a point) and increasing tempo increases intensity - stuff like that. The language analogy here would be similar to listening to a person’s tone to interpret general intent in speech, not the words.