Ok, I am not quite a scientist (anymore ), but may I give it a try?
The main motivation for the article seems to be to investigate where the borders of thermodynamics are, which becomes important for nano machines, as some of them contain only a few thousands of molecules, instead of many billions. The article tries to quantify the border where thermodynamics cannot be applied anymore to nano machines:
[quote author=“from the article”]The truth of the second law is ... a statistical, not a mathematical, truth, for it depends on the fact that the bodies we deal with consist of millions of molecules… Hence the second law of thermodynamics is continually being violated, and that to a considerable extent,in any sufficiently small group of molecules belonging to a real body.
The header seems to be a little exaggerated for the article, but scientists (or scientific journals) must draw attention too! (Obviously that strategy worked for you.. )
It remembers me of an article in the “New Scientist”: “Quantum theory proven wrong”. In fact it was an article that showed that a layman explanation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle (that photons push away particles, and so spoil the measurement) is wrong experimentally.
Oh my G… I just looked it up in Wikipedia, the Heisenberg principle… They do not read the “New Scientist”!
[quote author=“Wikipedia, Article Uncertainty principle”]Physically, the uncertainty principle requires that when the position of an atom is measured with a photon, the reflected photon will change the momentum of the atom by an uncertain amount inversely proportional to the accuracy of the position measurement. The amount of uncertainty can never be reduced below the limit set by the principle, regardless of the experimental setup.