How in the world could that be demonstrably false? It is clearly evident!
So if there were only two people living on Earth, they couldn’t both be happy?
Regardless, even if a certain amount of suffering has to exist in order for the rest of us to be happy, then science could still tell us right and wrong ways to maximize well-being.
The general idea here in this discussion is to discuss whether science can pave a way to zero suffering.
That seems unreasonably strict to me. I mean, is that our standard for anything else in science? Like health, for instance? Do we really think that the science of medicine will lead us to all live 100% perfectly healthy lives (whatever that even means)? Or that the science of physics will lead us to understand everything about the universe perfectly? If we could somehow know in advance that in the end we would only ever be able to know 98% of everything about the universe, would we be obligated to stop conducting physics experiments?
(Do we hold religious moral frameworks to that standard?)
Furthermore science is not in the business of satisfying the subjective concepts of individual organisms and their advanced philosophical notions of what is right and wrong.
These “subjective concepts” and “philisophical notions” ultimately don’t matter. Right and wrong questions of how to maximize human well-being exist independent of our conclusions on the subject.
If I was an omniscient observer watching humanity at this moment, I might tell you that humans are at XYZ level of well-being and we could do the following to decrease that level (i.e. bad or immoral actions):
A. Blow up our planet
B. Engineer and release an incurable, highly contagious disease that slowly and painfully causes everyone’s internal organs to rupture 72 hours after exposure.
OR in order to increase our well-being (i.e. good or moral actions) we could:
A. Strive to help each other when possible
B. Stop killing people in the name of religion
This is absurdly simplified, but I think it illuminates my point that we can discover ways to maximize our well-being in the same way we can discover general relativity or the fact that drinking poison is unhealthy.
The title of this thread is: “Science can answer Moral questions.” What questions specifically?
- Is slavery good or bad?
- Is rape good or bad?
- Is female circumcision good or bad?
- Is bringing soup to your neighbor when he’s feeling sick good or bad?