Re: moore’s paradox
[quote author=“forgot”]there is an obscure philosophical paradox called moore’s paradox
basically it goes like,
1) it’s possible that we believe in true things and false things.
2) but we cannot say that “x is true but i do not believe in x”
for instance we can’t say that “It’s raining outside but I don’t believe that it is” similarly
the guy who came up with the paradox, G.E. Moore, never thought much of it, but there is another dude, ludwig wittgenstein, who’s like, a super big shot philosopher, made a huge deal out of it. but he apparently never figured out how to deal with this paradox.
Well, Wittgenstein couldn’t have found a way to deal with this issue, since it is basically a question of definitions. When I say “X is true”, what I am saying is “I believe that X is true”. How could it be otherwise? Declarative sentences uttered in normal contexts are beliefs, or at least taken to be beliefs.
So, if “X is true” <—> “I believe that X is true”
And, if “X isn’t true” <—> “I don’t believe that X is true”
Then, “X is true but I don’t believe X” is a contradiction.
This is a lot of fun in philosophy class, but really it’s pretty banal.
[quote author=“forgot”]so, yeah, although we can say that belief is belief, and truth is truth, there is definitely a conflict between believing something, judging whether our belief is true.
Why do you say there’s a ‘conflict’ here? I heartily agree that psychology experiments show a human propensity for so-called “ confirmation bias ”, where we tend to be biased toward accepting information that accords with our prior beliefs. Sometimes this is a good thing (when we happen to have true beliefs), other times not. But it has nothing to do with Moore’s paradox.
I guess what I’m saying is that Moore’s paradox is a relatively straightforward issue of linguistic usage—what we take people to be saying when they utter declarative sentences. But ‘judging whether a belief is true’ (= epistemology) is quite a separate topic. One can say ‘[I believe that] two balls of different weights will fall at the same rate’, and then very simply and honestly go about testing this hypothesis.