The identification of CP Tuthmosis is not based only on the references I gave above.
1. Ahmed Osman argued that the biblical Joesph and Yuya, who served A3, were one and the same person. The main objection to this? His daughter Tiye, A3’s Great Royal Wife for 37 years, is not mentioned in the Bible. The Story of Joseph and Asenath again provides this confirmation: Joseph and Asenath ‘ruled Egypt’ for 48 years. A queen related to Joseph therefore ruled Egypt for 4 to 5 decades. Furthermore, Manetho recorded that Joseph and Moses were contemporaries and Justin that Moses was Joseph’s son. CP Tuthmosis was Yuya’s grandson, and not his son, but was also a contemporary of his grandfather.
2. David Rohl identified the biblical Saul and David as the Amarna contemporaries Labayu and Dadua, but unfortunately attempted to use this information to move the well-attested Amarna era much later in time to ca. 1000 BCE, generally assumed to be the era of Israel’s United Kingdom. However, if you move Saul and David (and, therefore, Solomon) earlier in time, to the Amarna era, a whole new scenario develops. Scholars seem to universally agree that the land of Sheba, from where the Queen of Sheba came, was located at Marib in Yemen. Would this queen and her entourage and army etc really have travelled 4000 km to Jerusalem and back, an arduous journey over a rugged and arid terrain, just to pop a few questions to Solomon? It borders on stupidity to believe that.
By contrast, Josephus calls het the Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia. Should we once again (as you do) write this episode in the Bible off as pure legend? In this case, we can’t. The Megiddo Ivory depicts an Egyptian queen with an Amarna style crown visiting a Canaanite king on a throne, resembling Solomon’s. Many aspects of this late Bronze Age (i.e. the Amarna era) carved image match details of the History of the Queen of Sheba, which I suppose you would also describe as an invention. The narrative of the History of the Queen of Sheba in turn matches many aspects of Manetho’s account of the revolt against A3.
As related above, Moses as the king’s eldest son sent messengers to the Hyksos rulers in Jerusalem. Likewise, messengers were sent back and forth between Solomon and his Queen, before she eventually came. One can imagine that they would never have dared attack the mightiest army in the region, that of Egypt, without receiving proper assurances that it would be safe to do so. A person called Sheba was David’s fiercest enemy and it would seem that Bathsheba, his daughter, sent her infant girl (who was of Hittite and Hebrew blood) to Yuya in Egypt for protection against David – see the History of the Queen of Sheba.
A scene from the Amarna tomb of Ay is described as follows:
“ We have already noticed that each great house, whether royal or private, seemed to possess a band of female musicians. As the women shown here are all busily engaged in the practice of music and dancing, and the walls both of the hall and the closets are hung with musical instruments of all kinds, we must conclude that this was a prominent part of the duties or recreations of the women of the house. The instruments include the lyre, the lute, the triangular harp, and the standing harp and lyre. It will be noticed that the women in the upper room of both houses have a peculiar mode of wearing the hair, by dividing it into one or more tresses curling at the ends . Nor is this mere négligé, for the women in the rooms below wear the hair in an ordinary Egyptian mode. This lock or tress is quite un-Egyptian, but is familiar to us in men (and women) of Hittite race and known also in Syrian women.”
The queen on the Megiddo ivory is accompanied by a Hittite lyrist, and in the so-called Zannanza affair, a recently widowed Egyptian queen (Nefertiti, Reeves) wrote to the king of the Hittites, asking him for a son to become her husband and king of Egypt, as she had no sons of her own and she would not marry a servant, i.e. an Egyptian. The only female queen of Egypt who could ever have found herself in circumstances that would allow such a request was Nefertiti.
Nefertiti, therefore, clearly had a connection to the Hittites.